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>>Sahabah (Companions of Muhammad S)
'Abdullah bin Uraqit 1


'Abdullah bin Urayqit had played a very important role in one of the most important events of the history of the world. He had safety guided the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S and his companion Abu Bakr  to Madinah, on their historic Hijrah (Migration) from Makkah.

'Abdullah bin Urayqit, a servant of Abu Bakr R, was from Banu (Family of) Du'il. Most of the Muslims had migrated out of Makkah to Yathrib (Madinah), a city about two hundred fifty (250) miles north of Makkah, after guided the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S received Guidance from Allah (God) for it.

The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S and some of his Sahabah (Companions) remained in Makkah. He waited for permission of his migration from Allah (God).

Finally, when Allah (God) permitted him to migrate out of Makkah, he went straight to give this news to Abu Bakr R. The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S had earlier told him that they would migrate to Yathrib (Madinah) together at the appropriate time.

Abu Bakr R had already purchased healthy camels for the journey. He had given the animals to 'Abdullah bin Urayqit for preparing them for the long and difficult journey.

'Abdullah bin Urayqit lovingly prepared the camels for their forth-coming journey.

The Quraysh knew that most of the Muslims had already migrated to Yathrib (Madinah) and soon the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S would also join them. They called a meeting where they decided to kill him to resolve the issue forever. They chose one man from each clan (Family) of the Quraysh tribe and planned that all of these men would strike at the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S together, to share the crime among all Quraysh clans other than Banu (Family of) Hashim. It would have been impossible for the Banu (Family of) Hashim, the Quraysh clan of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S, to take revenge from so many families.

The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S came to know about their plans. He made arrangement for migration. He was known as al-Amin (The Trustworthy) among the Makkans, who kept their valuables with him. Even at the cost of grave danger to his life, the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S was more concerned about returning the valuables in his custody to their rightful owners. He asked his cousin 'Ali bin Abu Talib R to sleep in his place in his bed. The assassins waited outside for the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S to step out of his house. He and his companion Abu Bakr R slipped out of Makkah, when Allah (God) made his assassins dozed off. Instead of going north towards Yathrib (Madinah), Muhammad S traveled to Mount Thaur, which was south of Makkah. They hid in a small cave of mount Thaur for three days. The Quraysh looked for them all over, but could not locate them even when they came very close to them once.

'Amir bin Fuhayrah R, a servant of Abu Bakr R used to graze sheep in the area and used to bring milk and food for them to their hideout along with a son of Abu Bakr R.

The Quraysh had announced a large prize for information on the whereabouts of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S. 'Abdullah bin Urayqit had not converted to Islam but was very faithful to Abu Bakr R and the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S. After three days, when the Quraysh disappointedly wrapped up their search for them, 'Abdullah bin Urayqit brought the camels to the hideout of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S and Abu Bakr R.

'Abdullah bin Urayqit knew the route to Yathrib (Madinah) very well he took a route close to the range of Tihamat near the Red Sea. They traveled northbound close to the seashore. This route was normally not used by the caravans.

'Abdullah bin Urayqit took the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S and Abu Bakr R safely to Yathrib (Madinah). People of Yathrib (Madinah) changed the name of the city after Muhammad S arrived there. They began calling it Madinatun Nabi (City of Messenger of Allah). Later it was shortened to Madinah. Madinah means the city. Islam prospered in Madinah and eight years after the Migration of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S, to that place, Muslims conquered Makkah, without any boloodshed.

1. Life of Muhammad, Muhammad Husayn Haykal, p. 163, 167

Introduction
'Ashrah Mubashshrah
Talhah bin 'Ubaydullah R
Sai'd bin Zayd R
Zubayr bin Al 'Awwam R
Abu Bakr R
Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas R
'Abdur Rahman bin 'Auf R
'Umar bin Khattab R
'Ali ibn Abu Talib R
'Uthman ibn 'Affan R
Fadl bin 'Abbas R
'Abdullah bin Khattab R
Fatimah bint Harith R
Sa'ib bin Maz'un R
Sa'd bin 'Abd Qays R
Sa'id bin Zayd bin 'Amr R
Habbar bin Sufyan R
'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R
Nu'aym bin 'Abdullah R
Fras bin Nadr R
Zayd bin Harithah R
Abu Hurayrah R
 
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