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>>Sahabah (Companions of Muhammad S)
'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R

'
Abdullah bin 'Abdul Asad R was a first cousin of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S.

'Abdullah bin 'Abdul Asad R was also known as Abu Salamah.

H
is mother was Barrah bint 'Abdul Muttalib, one of the aunts of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S.

His father ĎAbdul Asad was from the powerful and prominent Banu (Family of)
Makhzum clan of the Quraysh tribe.

'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R was a descendent of Yaqzah bin Murrah. Yaqzah was son of Murrah bin Kilab.

The Messenger of Allah,
Muhammad S was also a descendent of Murrah bin Ka'b.

'Abdullah bin 'Abdul Asad R had a brother named Abu Sufyan bin 'Abdul Asad.

A slave-girl of Abu Lahab bin 'Abdul Muttalib named Thuwaybah had nursed the Messenger of Allah,
Muhammad S during the first few days after his birth. Thuwaybah also nursed 'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R.

The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S and 'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R were brothers in nursing and there was a very close bond among them.

'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R was one of the as-Sabiqun al-Awwalun (Early Muslims). He was married to Hind (Umm Salamah) R, also one of the as-Sabiqun al-Awwalun (Early Muslims).

H
ind (Umm Salamah) R was one of the first few ladies to accept Islam. Khadijah bint Khuwaylid R, wife of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S was the first person and the first lady to become a Muslim.

'
Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R and Hind (Umm Salamah) R and other Muslims were tortured by the Quraysh for converting to Islam and leaving their old faith. When their tortures became unbearable, the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S allowed his Sahabah (Companions) to leave Makkah to save themselves from the persecution of Quraysh. 'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R and his wife Hind (Umm Salamah) R migrated to Habash (Ethiopia) with several other Muslims. These Muslims migrated in small groups. More than eighty Muslims migrated to Habash (Ethiopia) with the permission of Muhammad S.

This first Hijrah (Migration) to Habash (Ethiopia) took place nine years (9) before the great Hijrah (Migration to Madinah) in the year 9BH (Before Hijrah) (613 AD).

After hearing a rumor in Habash (Ethiopia) that every one in Makkah had accepted Islam,
the migrant Muslims decided to return to Makkah.

Upon reaching Makkah, they found out that Quraysh were still the enemies of Islam. The Muslims who had returned to Makkah had to ask for protection from their Quraysh relatives to save themselves from the persecution.

'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R and his wife Hind (Umm Salamah) R came to Makkah under the shelter of his maternal uncle Abu Talib bin 'Abdul Muttalib.

Abu Talib bin 'Abdul Muttalib, an uncle of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S had raised him. Abu Talib bin 'Abdul Muttalib was from Banu (Family of) Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe. He was a chief of the Quraysh tribe People of Makhzum clan of the Quraysh tribe did not like it.

They did not like someone from a different Quraysh clan to give shelter to one of their own. Surprisingly, Abu Lahab bin 'Abdul Muttalib, the worst enemy of Islam and another uncle of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S, sided with 'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R. Abu Lahab bin 'Abdul Muttalib was also from Banu (Family of) Hashim.

Quraysh continued their tortures on Muslims. Many Muslims had earlier migrated to Habash (Ethiopia) with the permission of the last Rasul (Messenger) of Allah (God), Muhammad S, migrated there once again.

'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R and his wife Hind (Umm Salamah) R migrated to Habash (Ethiopia) once again in the sixth year before Hijrah (Migration to Madinah).

The Quraysh sent ambassadors to Habash (Ethiopia) to bring the migrant Muslims back to Makkah. King Najjashi (Negus) of Habash (Ethiopia) refused to hand over the Muslims to the visiting Quraysh. After listening to the recitations from Qur-an, king Najjashi (Negus) of Habash (Ethiopia) allowed the Muslims to stay in his kingdom forever. Najjashi was a Christian. He sent back the Quraysh ambassadors, empty-handed.

Hind (Umm Salamah) R maintained a detailed account of these proceedings of the court of Najjashi (Negus).

'
Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R and his wife Hind (Umm Salamah) R returned to Makkah from Habash (Ethiopia) when Muslims of Makkah were preparing to migrate to Yathrib (Madinah).

'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R and Hind (Umm Salamah) R also tried to migrate to Yathrib (Madinah). 'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R reached Yathrib (Madinah), but his wife was forced to stay back in Makkah.

People from the family of 'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R stopped Hind (Umm Salamah) R from going to Yathrib (Madinah) with 'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R.They snatched away her son Salamah bin ĎAbdullah from her. About a year later, Hind (Umm Salamah) R somehow managed to reach Madinah. During the tussle, shoulder of young Salamah bin ĎAbdullah was dislocated which never healed and he lived with that disability all his life.

'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R fought very bravely in the battle of Badr, the first major battle between Muslims and the Quraysh.

Despite of their much smaller numbers and lack of resources, Muslims defeated the Quraysh badly. Battle of Badr was taught on the 17th day of the Ramadan (Nine month of Islamic calendar) of the year 2H (Hijrah).

One year after their defeat, Quraysh returned with a large army to avenge their defeat at Badr. Muslims and Quraysh fought a fierce battle near the Mount of Uhud in the year 3H (Hijrah) (624 AD).

'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R also fought valiantly in the battle of Uhud, but a poisonous arrow in that battle hit him. A few months later, in the fourth year of 4H (Hijrah) (624 AD), 'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R achieved Shahadah (Martyrdom) because of the same injury.

His widow Hind (Umm Salamah) R was left alone in Madinah with young children to provide for. Every one in Madinah wanted to take care of this brave widow of a brave Shahid (Martyr) of Islam.

Hind (Umm Salamah) R refused the proposals of marriage sent to her by Abu Bakr R and 'Umar bin Khattab R. In the month of Shawwal (Tenth month of the Islamic calendar) of 4H (Hijrah), the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S proposed to her and married her to take care of her young children. The widow of
'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R, Hind (Umm Salamah) R became an Ummul Mominin (Mother of all Muslims), a title given to the holy wives of Muhammad S.

Through this marriage, the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S, Muhammad S also broke a wrong tradition of not marrying in the month of Shawwal (Tenth month of the Islamic calendar).  

'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R and Hind (Umm Salamah) R had four children, two sons:
1. 'Umar bin 'Abdullah R and
2.
Salamah bin 'Abdullah R (Arabs used to give female names to their sons to keep the evil spirits away) and two daughters
1.
Durrah bint 'Abdullah R and
2.  
Zaynab bint 'Abdullah R  

Salamah bin 'Abdullah R was the son who was snatched away by his father's family from his mother Hind (Umm Salamah) R, when she tried to immigrate to Yathrib (Madinah) with his father. His parents got their nicknames of Abu Salamah R and Umm Salamah R because of him.


The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S arranged the marriage of Salamah bin 'Abdullah R with Umamah R, the daughter of his uncle Hamzah bin 'Abdul Muttalib R.

Salamah bin 'Abdullah R died during the Khilafah term of the Khalifah (Caliph) of 'Abdul Male bin Marwan.  

Durrah
bint 'Abdullah R was one of their daughters. Zaynab bint 'Abdullah R was born a few months after the death of her father
'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R. She became an expert in Fiqh (Islamic law). She had two sons. Both of them were killed in the rioting of 63H (Hijrah).

Introduction
'Ashrah Mubashshrah
  Talhah bin 'Ubaydullah R
  Sai'd bin Zayd R
  Zubayr bin Al 'Awwam R
  Abu Bakr R
  Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas R
  'Abdur Rahman bin 'Auf R
  'Umar bin Khattab R
  'Uthman ibn 'Affan R
Fadl bin 'Abbas R
'Abdullah bin Khattab R
Fatimah bint Harith R
Sa'ib bin Maz'un R
Sa'd bin 'Abd Qays R
Sa'id bin Zayd bin 'Amr R
Habbar bin Sufyan R
'Abdullah (Abu Salamah) R
Nu'aym bin 'Abdullah R
Fras bin Nadr R
Zayd bin Harithah R
Abu Hurayrah R
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