R was one of the as-Sabiqun al-Awwalun
His father Zayd bin 'Amr R was one of the very few
Quraysh who did neither believed in nor practiced
idolatry - the religion of the Quraysh; before
the advent of Islam. Before Islam,
Arabs often buried their girl children alive. Zayd
bin 'Amr R was one of the first person to oppose that barbaric
tradition. He had saved and raised many girls who were about
to be buried alive by their families.
Zayd bin 'Amr
R never participated in the celebrations of various gods and
goddesses that were worshipped by the Quraysh
and other Arab tribes. He traveled widely in search of the
True religion of Allah (God).
He used to practice the religion of Ibrahim
A (Abraham). The Quraysh used to harass him
for his religious beliefs including his brother Khattab
He used to tell people that he was waiting for a Messenger
of Allah (God) to come among the descendents
of Isma'il A (Ishmael), but he was murdered
five years before Allah (God) chose Muhammad
S as His final Rasul (Messenger).
He was buried near Mount Hira,
where Allah (God) sent His first Wahi
(Message from Allah) to Muhammad S.
Sa'id bin Zayd R was born in Makkah
in the year 22BH (Before Hijrah) (600 CE). He had inherited
his father's religious beliefs of Islamic Monotheism, and
accepted Islam at a young age. He along with
his wife became Muslim when only a handful of people
had accepted it. They went through all sorts of abuse, ridicule
and torture because of their decision.
His mother Fatimah R was also among the as-Sabiqun
al-Awwalun (Early Muslims). Sa'id
bin Zayd R was married to Fatimah bint Khattab
R, sister of 'Umar bin Khattab
R, who later became the second Khalifah
(Caliph) of Muslims.
'Umar bin Khattab
was a strong opponent of Islam, before he converted
to Islam. He was greatly distressed by the bifurcation
of the Quraysh tribe because of Islam.
In his anguish, he wanted to kill the Messenger of Allah,
Muhammad S, to cement the divided Quraysh
One day he decided to resolve the dispute for ever. He took
out his sword out of its sheath and rushed towards Dar
Arqam (House of Arqam R)
where the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad
S and his Sahabah (Companions)
used to meet in secret during the early days of Islam.
On the way, 'Umar bin
met a Sahabi (Companion)
named Nu'aym bin 'Abdullah R.
Nu'aym bin 'Abdullah R could
gather by the aggressive stance of 'Umar bin
that his intentions are very serious. Upon enquiry 'Umar
told him that he is going to kill the Messenger of Allah,
Muhammad S, who was responsible for dividing
the once so cohesive Quraysh tribe.
Nu'aym bin 'Abdullah R advised 'Umar
to take care of his immediate family first. He told him that
his sister Fatimah bint Khattab
R and her husband Sa'id bin Zayd
R had also accepted Islam.
'Umar bin Khattab
was outraged at this news. In a fit of anger, he rushed to
the house of Sa'id bin Zayd R,
to take care of his sister and brother in-law first. When
he reached there, both Sa'id
bin Zayd R and his wife Fatimah
bint Khattab R were listening
to the recitation of the Qur-an by Khabbab
bin Arrat R. He was reciting
from the twentieth Surah (Chapter)
of the Holy Qur-an named Ta-Ha.
'Umar bin Khattab
heard his recitation from the outside when he reached their
house. He was in a state of confusion, the recitation did
have a strange tranquilizing effect on him, but his anger
He entered their house and started beating Sa'id
bin Zayd R mercilessly. 'Umar bin
also hit his sister Fatimah bint
Khattab R, when she tried to save her
husband Sa'id bin Zayd
R. He wanted toforce both of them to quit their newly accepted
religion of Islam, to return to the age-old
religion of ignorance that their ancestors practiced for so
His merciless thrashing did not yield any results and both
remained steadfast. When 'Umar bin
got tired of beating them, better sense prevailed upon him
after seeing them bleeding. A sense of guilt over took him.
Then he remembered the strange versed he had heard prior to
entering their house.
curiosity, he asked them to recite the same verses back to
him, which he heard while entering their house. Sa'id
bin Zayd R and Fatimah
bint Khattab R recited
those beautiful verses from the Qur-an again.
Its 14th Ayah (Verse)
resulted in a total change of heart of 'Umar bin
He was awed by the power and truth in the words of Allah
I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana
(none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship
Me, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat)
for My Remembrance.
The Qur-an 20:14
Khattab R went straight to Dar
Arqam (House of Arqam R), where the Messenger
of Allah, Muhammad S was temporarily
staying with his Sahabah (Companions)
and converted to Islam immediately.
R and his wife Fatimah bint Khattab
R were instrumental in the conversion of 'Umar bin
R who became one of the greatest followers of Islam.
The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S used
to pray to Allah (God) for causing change of
heart of either one of the two big enemies of Islam,
'Umar bin Khattab or Abu Jahl
bin Hisham. He wanted either of them to accept Islam
and become a Muslim. Allah (God) answered
his prayers by sending 'Umar bin Khattab
R to the folds of Islam.
bin Zayd R and his wife Fatimah bint Khattab
R migrated to Madinah with other Muslims.
They stayed with Rafa'ah bin 'Abdul Mandhar
R, brother of Abu Lubabah R. Some time later,
the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S granted
him a piece of land for building a house.
bin Zayd R participated in all the battles
fought for the cause of Islam, except the battle
of Badr because the Messenger of Allah,
Muhammad S had sent him and Talhah
bin 'Ubaydullah R on a reconnaissance mission a few days before
it. Muslim army had just returned to Madinah
after achieving victory at Badr in their first
battle with the Quraysh, who greatly outnumbered
Muslims; when these two Sahabah
(Companions of Muhammad S) also returned from their
The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S gave
them their share in Mal Ghanimah (War
Trophies) and told them that they would
also get rewarded for Jihad (Striving
for the Cause of Allah).
bin Zayd R rode with the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad
S as a commanding officer of a battalion of the victorious
Muslim army that conquered Makkah without
any bloodshed in the year 8H (Hijrah) (629 CE).
had served under all four Khulafa"
Rashidun (Rightly guided Caliphs) after
the demise of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad
During the Khilafah
(Tenure of a Caliph) of 'Umar bin Khattab
R, he commanded the infantry battalions of the Muslim
army during the initial battles in Sham
(Syria). Sa'id bin Zayd R showed exemplary
bravery in the battle of Ajnadayn where he
commanded a unit.
He also participated in the battles for Damishq
(Damascus) and Fahl. He killed
the Roman governor of Hums.
He was instrumental in the Muslim victory in the battle
Sa'id bin Zayd R had also briefly served as the
'Amil (Governor) of Damishq (Damascus),
but he voluntarily resigned to participate in Jihad
(Striving for the Cause of Allah) for Sham
his death-bed, the second Khalifah
(Caliph) of Muslims, 'Umar bin Khattab
R, nominated a panel of prominent Sahabah
(Companions of Muhammad S) to choose his successor.
Because of their close relationship he did not nominate Sa'id
bin Zayd R on it; although he was qualified to be included
in that panel.
Sa'id bin Zayd R did not mind it at all and
was among the first Muslims to do Ba'yh
(Pledge Allegiance) to the newly elected Khalifah
(Caliph) of Muslims, 'Uthman bin
Sa'id bin Zayd R was in Kufah
when 'Uthman bin 'Affan R was
martyred. He was disgusted by the events that followed the
Shahadah (Martyrdom) of 'Uthman
bin 'Affan R. He withdrew himself from active life
and did not participate either in the battle of Jamal
or Saffayn. He spent his life in prayers
living in a quite suburb of Madinah.
bin Zayd R greatly respected the fourth Khalifah
(Caliph) of Muslims, 'Ali bin Abu Talib
R, to whom he had also pledged his allegiance.
R died in Madinah in the year 50 or 51H
(Hijrah) (670-671 CE) on a Friday. Sa'd bin
Abu Waqqas R gave him the final bath and 'Abdullah
bin 'Umar R lead his Janazah Salah
R narrated 48 Ahadith (Sayings
of Muhammad S).
R , the sister of Sa'id bin Zayd R was married
to 'Abdullah bin Abu Bakr R. After his death, 'Umar
R married her. When 'Umar bin Khattab
R achieved Shahadah (Martyrdom),
Zubayr bin Al 'Awwam R married her who also
achieved Shahadah (Martyrdom).