Concept of God in Islam
of God in Islam
Allah, the Arabic word for God, is a unique term, which has neither gender nor plural forms. It, therefore, alludes to the Islamic concept of the One and Only God, distinguished from all of His creations.
One true God is reflection of the unique concept that Islam
associates with God. To a Muslim, Allah is the Almighty Creator
and Sustainer of the universes, who is similar to nothing and nothing,
is comparable to Him. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace
Be Upon Him) was asked by his contemporaries
about Allah; the answer came directly from God Himself in the form
of a short chapter of the Qur-an,
which is considered the essence of the unity or the motto of monotheism.
In the name
Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
the Merciful and the Just
With the exception of one, each of the 114 chapters of the Qur-an begins with the verse "In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. "In one of the savings of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) we are told that, "Allah is more loving and kind than a mother to her dear child."
God is also just.
Hence evildoers and sinners must have their share of punishment,
and the virtuous, His bounties and favors. Actually, God's attribute of
mercy has full manifestation in His attribute of Justice.
People suffering throughout their lives for His sake and people
oppressing and exploiting other people all their lives should not receive
similar treatment from their Lord.
Expecting similar treatment for them will amount to negating the
very belief in the accountability of man in the Hereafter and thereby
negating all the incentives for a moral and virtuous life in this world.
The following Qur-anic verses are very clear and straightforward
in this respect:
"Verily for the righteous, are gardens of delight, in the presence of their Lord.
|Islam rejects characterizing God in any human form or depicting Him as favoring certain individuals or nations on the basis of wealth, power or race. He created human beings as equals. They may distinguish themselves and get His favor through virtue and piety only.|
|The concepts that God rested on the seventh day of creation, that God wrestle with one of His soldiers, that God is an envious plotter against mankind, or that God is incarnate in any human being are considered blasphemous from the Islamic point of view.|