IMAM ABU HANEEFA (80 AH - 150
A.H. 699 AD - 767 AD)
Name : Noaman
Born in 80 AH, in the period of Abdul Malik bin Marwan in
Kufa. His father was Thabit. Imam Abu Hanifa's grandfather,
Noaman, was the first in the family to accept Islam. His early
education was under the guidance of Imam Shaafi and
Imam Ahmed Ibn Hambal. Later, he went to other places for
Properties of Fiqh-e-Hanafi :
This school is a well-coordinated efforts of around 40 Islamic
scholars like. Yahya bin Abu Zaidah, Qadi Abu Yusuf, Daud
Tai, etc, under the guidance of Imam Abu Haneefa and thus,
it is known as Fiqh-e-Hanafi (the Hanafi school of jurisprudence).
The Imam divided the Fiqh into two broad parts.
He included all those rules which were deduced from the Quran
and the Hadith and dealt with all those topics, on which the
Quran and the Hadith are silent. The Fiqh is logical and comparatively
simple in comprehension to others. It is an extensive work
that contains around six lakh rules on different subjects.
Achievements : By compiling the Fiqh with
emphasis on reform he prevented future distortions. His work
was impartial, as he had taken no grant from anyone.
IMAM AHMAD IBN HAMBAL (164 AH
- 241/780 AD. 855 AD)
Name : Ahmad
Born in 164 AH in Baghdad, Imam Ahmad Ibn Hambal was initially
educated by his mother and various Islamic scholars in Baghdad.
Here he studied from 179 AH to 189 AH. He conducted lectures
on Islam in his house and also publicly.
Properties of Fiqh-e-Hambali
It sometime deals with a problem on which the Quran and the
Hadith are silent.
1. The Imam has provided a complete Islamic
2. He always expressed strong reservation
on the nature and functioning of Khilafat on account
of it hearing become more a family affair than a public one.
3. He did not mix his personal thinking in
the matters of Islam
4. He laid emphasis on the Sunnah in every
aspect of life.
IMAM SHAFII (150 AH - 204 A.H/767
- 820 AD)
Name : Muhammad bin Idris
Born in 150 AH in Ghuzzah in Asqulan, he migrated to Mecca
with his mother at the age of two. He studied and memorized
the Quran in his childhood in the village of Banu Hadal under
the guidance of Mufti-e-Hasan and Muslim bin Khalid Zanji.
Thence he studied under Imam Malik, Muhaddis-e-Makkah, Hazrat
Sufiyan bin Uyuna and Muhammad bin Alhasan.
Properties of Fiqh-e-Shafali
1. It provides a balanced line of action.
2. Though he gave priority to the Quran,
he emphasized the role of the Hadith in deciding laws
3. This Fiqh provides for more than one solution
to a particular problem.
1. It distilled rules from Islamic thought.
2. When he was only 15, he was permitted
to give judgments from his teacher Mufti-e-Makkah,
Muslim Ibn Khalid.
3. He was called Nasir-ul-Hadith in Iraq
for 'his excellence in the Hadith.
4. He wrote around 113 books, many of which
are famous. Among them are Kitabul-Iman in 15 parts. Jame
Kabir Mazni, Jame Saghir Mazni, Mukhtasar Rabi, Ar-Resala,
Al-Amali, Mashad Shafil and Mukhtasar Buyuti.
IMAM MALIK (93 AH - 179 AH/715
- 795 AD)
Name : Malik and title Imam Darul Hazrat
He was born in 715 AD in Medina in the area of Banu Ummayya.
His great grand father, Abu Amir, had accepted Islam in 3
AH. His was a very well educated family and he was taught
by more than 50 teachers, including Imam ul Qura Nafe bin
Asadur Rahman, who was the greatest Qari of all time. Another
of his teachers was Shaikhul Fiqh Imam Abu Uthman Rabiyalur
Ray. So great was his respect for knowledge that he rejected
Khalifa Haroon Rashids request to teach him separately.
Knowledge or wisdom, he felt was for everyone. He was very
principled man and once the governor of Medina Jafar bin Salaiman,
meted out 70 lashes to him for issuing a Fatwa contrary to
the wishes of the governor.
Properties of Fiqh-e- Maliki
1. It followed the style in existence at
2. It concentrates mainly on Hadith and follows
the normal interpretation of the Hadith.
1. He laid a solid foundation for the interpretation
of the Fiqh and provided clear guideline for the coming generations.
2. He wrote all the rules of Fiqh objectively
3. He wrote many books like Mowta, Resala
banam Haroon Rashid letter to Haroon Rashid, Ahkamul Quran,
Almaddawana, Kitabul Aghdiyya, Kitabul Manasik, Tafsir Ghaibul
Quran, Kitabul Majasat and Tafsirul Quran.