Century A.H. : The Period of Tabiens
Tabiens inherited the knowledge of Ahadith and Sunnah from
Sahaba. Their knowledge, however, existed in a scattered form
i.e. in the minds of people or in the form of few short writings.
Then, finally, several scholars took up the task of collection
and compilation. This led to the formal teaching and writing
of Ahadith. Along with, foundations were laid for a new branch
of Islamic knowledge, named as Ilm al Hadith (i.e. Science
of Scrutiny of Hadith).
Caliph Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz sent official orders to his governors
for the Collections of Ahadith. This order encouraged various
scholars of Hadith to record their own collections. Simultaneously,
he entrusted this task to Abu Bakr Ibn Hazam, the Qadi (Judge)
of Medina because he was a great scholar of Hadith and was
personally taught by his aunt Amra bint Abdul Rahman one of
the students of Ayesha Siddiqah. Another great scholar, Mohammad
Ibn Muslim Ibn Shehab al Zehri (51 - 124 AH) produced the
first comprehensive compilation of Ahadith. A few of the important
collections of this century were by :
Muhammad AbdulMali Ibn Jareef
several scholars took up the task of teaching Ahadith and
opening Hadith centres throughout the Muslim world. The
most important among these were the following:
These scholars made significant contribution to 'Ilm al Hadith"
and laid down solid foundations for the evaluation of Hadith.