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2nd Century A.H. : The Period of Tabiens


Tabiens inherited the knowledge of Ahadith and Sunnah from Sahaba. Their knowledge, however, existed in a scattered form i.e. in the minds of people or in the form of few short writings. Then, finally, several scholars took up the task of collection and compilation. This led to the formal teaching and writing of Ahadith. Along with, foundations were laid for a new branch of Islamic knowledge, named as Ilm al Hadith (i.e. Science of Scrutiny of Hadith).

Caliph Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz sent official orders to his governors for the Collections of Ahadith. This order encouraged various scholars of Hadith to record their own collections. Simultaneously, he entrusted this task to Abu Bakr Ibn Hazam, the Qadi (Judge) of Medina because he was a great scholar of Hadith and was personally taught by his aunt Amra bint Abdul Rahman one of the students of Ayesha Siddiqah. Another great scholar, Mohammad Ibn Muslim Ibn Shehab al Zehri (51 - 124 AH) produced the first comprehensive compilation of Ahadith. A few of the important collections of this century were by :
Scholar   Died A.H.   Place
Abu Muhammad AbdulMali Ibn Jareef   150   Makkah
Mohammad Ibn Ishaq   151   Medina
Moammar Ibn Rasheed   153   Yemen
Shoba Ibn Hajjaj   160   Iraq
Aleeth Ibn Sa’ad   175   Egypt

Simultaneously, several scholars took up the task of teaching Ahadith and opening Hadith centres throughout the Muslim world. The most important among these were the following:

Scholars   Centre
Abu Juraiey   Makkah
Imam Malik   Medina
Sufyan Thauri   Syria
Hammed Ibn Salamah   Iraq
Abdullah Ibn Mubarak   Khurasan.

These scholars made significant contribution to 'Ilm al Hadith" and laid down solid foundations for the evaluation of Hadith.
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