HOMECONTACT US

 

>>Sunnah
Classification of AHadith


Ahadith are classified into different groups and classes based on various criteria. A Hadith could simultaneously carry more than one name representing various level and classes of reliability.

(A)    All Ahadith are classified into two broad categories:

1. Hadith al-Qudsi : A statement where the Messenger attributed his saying to Almighty Allah. For instance, 'Allah says : I am with my servant when he remembers Me and his lips move in My remembrance” (Bukhari). The difference between the Quran and Hadith al-Qudsi is that the former contains the actual words of Allah and the latter is Allah's massage through the words of the Holy Messenger.

2. Hadith Nabvi : A. saying or action of the Holy Messenger or his approval of some ones else action.

(B)    Ahadith can also be classified according to their Isnad :

1.   Mutawatir (Continuous) : A Hadith reported by a number of narrators in every age, making it virtually impossible for any falsehood to have crept into it. It should have at least four different narrators in each of the first three generations after the Holy Messenger. This is considered to be one of the most reliable Hadith.

2.    Ahad (individual) : A Hadith narrated by less than four narrators in the first three generations after the Holy Messenger or one that has a brother chain of narrators.

3.    Ghareeb (Rare) : A Hadith narrated by a single person during a particular period. It was narrated by a person known for his piety and integrity it was accepted as authentic and reliable.

(C)    Ahadith can also be classified according to their level of reliability.

1.    Sahih (Correct) : A Hadith narrated by persons well known for their integrity of character, learning and memory and which also has a continuous chain of reliable Hadith. A Hadith reported by both Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim is called –“agreed” and is considered to be the most reliable Hadith.

2.    Hasan (Approved) : A Hadith similar to a Sahih Hadith, but narrated by persons who are less reputed for their integrity of character, learning or memory. It is also a reliable Hadith, but occupies a position next to that of Sahih.

3.    Dhaief (Weak) : A Hadith narrated by persons whose character is not well known or a Hadith which has some defects in its Isnad. In its class its occupies a position next to Hasan. Moreover, if a weak Hadith is reported by two different chains of narrators then it is granted the position of a Hasan Hadith. There are other minor classifications of Ahadith based on the chain of narrators. Most of these are considered as sub-classes of weak Hadith.
Powered by: