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Compilers of Sihah al Sittah
(The six correct ones)


IMAM BUKHARI : (13th Shawwal 194 AH - 1st Shawwal 256 AH) Imam Bukhari's full name was Mohammed Ismail al Bukhari. He was born in Bukhara, a city of Uzbekistan. His father was a good narrator for Hadith. When he was a small child he lost his father. Right from the beginning he was very brilliant , having an astonishing memory. He received his early education from scholars like Muhammad bin Salam Baikondi and Muhammad bin Yusuf Baikondi, in Bukhara itself. Imam Bukhari was having a great power of remembrance. When he was only eleven years of age the corrected Allama Dakhli, a great Islamic scholar for a mistake in the reference of a Sanad. At the age of 16 he learnt by heart some great books on Islamic jurisprudence. In search of Hadith he traveled to Syria, Egypt, Basra Makkah, Medina, Kufa. He collected Hadith from more than one thousand scholars. He himself had remembered around six lakh Ahadith.

The different compilation of Hadith which was existing during the time of Imam Bukhari was somewhat vague and was difficult for a general student to take help from it because they were having the collection of strong and weak Hadith without providing a clear distinction. So Imam Bukhari planned to compile a book of Ahadith which should contain only highly authentic Ahadith. His teacher Ishaq bin Rahuya has also appreciated this idea. So accordingly he started his work. He wrote the whole book in the premises of Ka’aba and later indexed the Ahadith near the grave of the Holy Messenger in Medina. He used to offer two Rakah of Namaz before writing any Ahadith. Several contemporary Islamic scholar has appreciated and certified his compilation as authentic.

Apart from the great compilation of Sahih Bukhari, he wrote many books like Al-Tarikh Al-Kabir, Al-Tarikh Al-Saghir, Al-Adabul Mufsad, Al-Tarikhul Awsat and Kitabul Fawaid, etc.

IMAM MUSLIM (204 AH - 25th Rajab 261 AH) : Imam Muslim's full name was Abul Hasan Muslim Al Hajjaj. He was born in Neeshapur, an old city near Iran. He was having connection from the clan of Qasher, a famous clan of Arab. He received his earlier education in Neeshapur, Imam Yaka Neeshapuri, Harmala and Yahya bin Yaha were his teacher. He traveled Iraq, Hejaz, Egypt, Syria, etc. in search of Hadith. For getting broader knowledge of Hadith he also contacted with Imam Bukhari, Imam Shafii and Imam Ahmed Ibn Hambal, etc. He was having some difference with Imam Bukhari on some issue, which he had described in the preface of his book. He compiled his great work Sahih Muslim after scanning about three lakh Hadith. His Sahih Muslim contains 7422 Ahadith. This work completed in about 15 years. Besides this he wrote books on Ilm-al-Hadith and two more books named as Kitabul Iman and Kitabul Tafsir.

IMAM IBN MAJA (209 - 295 AH) : Imam Ibn Maja's full name was Abu Abdullah Mohammad bin Yazid bin Abdullah Ibn Maja. He is famous by the name of his grand father i.e. Ibn Maja. He was born in Quzdeen, a famous city of Azerbaijan. After the compilation of his education he devoted himself for the collection and compilation of Ahadith. In the process he visited Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Khurasan and Hejaz, etc.

His great compilation of Hadith is known as 'Sunan Ibn Maja'. 302 Hadith of “Sunan Ibn Maja are also mentioned in other five collections of Sihah al Sittah'. Some scholars do not include 'Sunan Ibn Maja' in the 'Sihah al Sittah'. Either they consider only 'Sihah al Khamsa' i.e. Five correct ones or they include Imam Maliks “Moata” in the Sihah al Sittah instead of Sunan' Ibn Maja. Apart from Sunan Ibn Maja, he compiled a book containing the Ahadith related to the explanation of the Quran and he also wrote a book on history called as 'At- Tarikh' but nowadays none of these books are available.
   
IMAM ABU DAUD (202 AH - 275 AH) - Imam Abu Daud's full name was Abu Daud Sulaiman b Ash'ath. He was born in Basra. He visited Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Hejaz and Khurasan, etc. for collecting Ahadith and other related information. His great compilation of Ahadith is known as 'Sunan Abu Daud'. He wrote 'Sunan Abu Daud' after a scanning of around five lakh Ahadith. After the compilation of 'Sunan Abu Daud' he presented it to Imam Ahmed Ibn Hambal, who appreciated his efforts. This book contains Ahadith on Islamic jurisprudence history, Jihad and other related issues. He mentioned many such Ahadith, which are not mentioned in the Shahih (the correct i.e. the compilation of Imam Bukhari and Muslim). Because he obeyed those narrators too, about whom he found no objectionable thing. He has mentioned in detail the quality of Ahadith in the book according to their authenticity.
   
IMAM TIRMIDHI: Imam Tirmidhi's full name was Abu Esa Muhammad al Tirmidhi. He was born in Tirmiz, an old city of Russian Turkistan. According to same sources it is concluded that either he was born blind or lost his eyesight in the old age. To collect Ahadith, he traveled to Iraq, Syria and Khurasan etc. He was having a number of good teacher like Imam Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam Abu Daud and Ali Bin Hajr etc. He was having an astonishing power of remembrance. He was also a great Mujtahid, and numbers of students have received Islamic education from him. Although Imam Bukhari was his teacher but he also had two Ahadith from Imam Tirmidhi.

His great compilation of Hadith is called as “Jamaie Tirmidhi” which is a very Comprehensive book. Apart from Ahadith, this book deals with several other things related to the science of Hadith

'Shemael-e-Tirmidhi' is his another great book and unique of its kind. This book contains only those Ahadith, which are related to the personality of Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. His personality, dress, habits, style of walking and talking etc. Besides this he wrote many other books like, Kitab al-Alaal al Saghir. Kitab al- Zahad and Kitab-al-Tarikh etc. He died at Tirmidh.

IMAM NISAI (214-303 AH) : His full name was Abu Abdul Rehman Nisai and his father's name was Shoaib. He was born at Nisa, a place near Khurasan. After receiving his early education he devoted himself for the compilation of Ahadith. In search of Ahadith and related knowledge he traveled Tajikistan, Hejaz, Iraq, and Syria. etc. His great, compilation of Ahadith is called as Sunan Nisai.

Exponents of Six Correct Ones

In the later years the Sihah al Sittah has become so popular among the Islamic research and scholars that it necessitated the scholars to write its exponents. Hence a number of scholar took up this task and wrote comprehensive exponents. In the following pages a list of most prominent exponents is being presented.

Exponents of Sahih Bukhari
Around 200 exponents
Exponent Names of the Book
1.    Hafiz Abul Fazal Ahmad bin Hajar Asqalani (D 852 AH) Fatahul Bari
2.    Allama Badruddin Abu Muhammad               
Muhamood bin Ahmad Aaini (D 855 AH)
Umdatul Qari

Exponents of "Sahih Muslim"
Around 50 exponents,

1. Imam Muhiuddin Newawi (D 676 AH)       
            .
Al Minhaj Fi Sharah Muslim bin Al Hajjaj
2. Imam Abu Al Abaas Ahmad bin Umar b             Ashkal Min Al Mufhim Lema
Ibrahim Qartabi (D 656 AH)
Muslimun.
Talkhis Kitabun
3. Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Khaleafa Al Abbi Maliki (D 827 AH)         Akmalul Muralim

Exponents of "Sunan Ibn Maja".

1
.    Jalaluddin Ibrahim bin Muhammad Halbi (D 841 AH)

2.    Jalaluddin Sayufi (D 921 AH)

3.    Shaikh Abul Hassan Muhammad bin Abdul Had! Sindhi (D 1138 AH).

Exponents of 'Sunan Abu Daud"

1.    Imam Abu Sulaiman Hamd bin Ibrahim
       Al Khatabi (D 388 AH)
Mualemussunan
2.    Allama Abdurrahman Sharful Maq             .
(Muhammad Ashraf)
Aunul Maabad Fi Sharah
Sunan Abi Daud. Al-Munhal
3.    Shaikh Ali bin Suleiman Al - Damanti         
(D 1352 AH)
Al-Azab Al-Mourid Fi
Sharah Sunan Abi Daud

Exponents of "Jamey Tirmidhi"

1      Al-Imam al-Hafiz Abu Baker bin
Abdullah Al-Shibi (D 546 AH) (Ibnul Arahi)
Aradatul Ahzi Fi.        
Sharah Al-Tirmidhi
2.    Allama Jalaluddin Sayuti Qawwatul Mughtazi Alajamey   Al-Tirmidhi.
3.    Shaikh Abul Muhammad bin Abdul Hadi Sindhi Madani (D 138 AH)    

Exponents of Nisai

1.    Hafiz Jalauddin Siyati

2.    Abul Mahmmad bin Abdul Hadi Hanafi (Sindhi) (D. 1312 A.H.)

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