of Sihah al Sittah
six correct ones)
IMAM BUKHARI :
(13th Shawwal 194 AH - 1st Shawwal 256 AH) Imam Bukhari's
full name was Mohammed Ismail al Bukhari. He was born in Bukhara,
a city of Uzbekistan. His father was a good narrator for Hadith.
When he was a small child he lost his father. Right from the
beginning he was very brilliant , having an astonishing memory.
He received his early education from scholars like Muhammad
bin Salam Baikondi and Muhammad bin Yusuf Baikondi,
in Bukhara itself. Imam Bukhari was having a great power of
remembrance. When he was only eleven years of age the corrected
Allama Dakhli, a great Islamic scholar for a mistake in the
reference of a Sanad. At the age of 16 he learnt by heart
some great books on Islamic jurisprudence. In search of Hadith
he traveled to Syria, Egypt, Basra Makkah, Medina, Kufa. He
collected Hadith from more than one thousand scholars. He
himself had remembered around six lakh Ahadith.
The different compilation of Hadith which was existing during
the time of Imam Bukhari was somewhat vague and was difficult
for a general student to take help from it because they were
having the collection of strong and weak Hadith without providing
a clear distinction. So Imam Bukhari planned to compile a
book of Ahadith which should contain only highly authentic
Ahadith. His teacher Ishaq bin Rahuya has also appreciated
this idea. So accordingly he started his work. He wrote the
whole book in the premises of Kaaba and later indexed
the Ahadith near the grave of the Holy Messenger in Medina.
He used to offer two Rakah of Namaz before writing any Ahadith.
Several contemporary Islamic scholar has appreciated and certified
his compilation as authentic.
Apart from the great compilation of Sahih Bukhari, he wrote
many books like Al-Tarikh Al-Kabir, Al-Tarikh Al-Saghir, Al-Adabul
Mufsad, Al-Tarikhul Awsat and Kitabul Fawaid, etc.
(204 AH - 25th Rajab 261 AH) : Imam Muslim's full name was
Abul Hasan Muslim Al Hajjaj. He was born in Neeshapur, an
old city near Iran. He was having connection from the clan
of Qasher, a famous clan of Arab. He received his earlier
education in Neeshapur, Imam Yaka Neeshapuri, Harmala and
Yahya bin Yaha were his teacher. He traveled Iraq, Hejaz,
Egypt, Syria, etc. in search of Hadith. For getting broader
knowledge of Hadith he also contacted with Imam Bukhari, Imam
Shafii and Imam Ahmed Ibn Hambal, etc. He was having some
difference with Imam Bukhari on some issue, which he had described
in the preface of his book. He compiled his great work Sahih
Muslim after scanning about three lakh Hadith. His Sahih Muslim
contains 7422 Ahadith. This work completed in about 15 years.
Besides this he wrote books on Ilm-al-Hadith and two more
books named as Kitabul Iman and Kitabul Tafsir.
IMAM IBN MAJA
(209 - 295 AH) : Imam Ibn Maja's full name was Abu Abdullah
Mohammad bin Yazid bin Abdullah Ibn Maja. He is famous by
the name of his grand father i.e. Ibn Maja. He was born in
Quzdeen, a famous city of Azerbaijan. After the compilation
of his education he devoted himself for the collection and
compilation of Ahadith. In the process he visited Iraq, Syria,
Egypt, Khurasan and Hejaz, etc.
His great compilation of Hadith is known as 'Sunan Ibn Maja'.
302 Hadith of Sunan Ibn Maja are also mentioned in other
five collections of Sihah al Sittah'. Some scholars do not
include 'Sunan Ibn Maja' in the 'Sihah al Sittah'. Either
they consider only 'Sihah al Khamsa' i.e. Five correct ones
or they include Imam Maliks Moata in the Sihah
al Sittah instead of Sunan' Ibn Maja. Apart from Sunan Ibn
Maja, he compiled a book containing the Ahadith related to
the explanation of the Quran and he also wrote a book on history
called as 'At- Tarikh' but nowadays none of these books are
IMAM ABU DAUD
(202 AH - 275 AH) - Imam Abu Daud's full name was Abu Daud
Sulaiman b Ash'ath. He was born in Basra. He visited Egypt,
Syria, Iraq, Hejaz and Khurasan, etc. for collecting Ahadith
and other related information. His great compilation of Ahadith
is known as 'Sunan Abu Daud'. He wrote 'Sunan Abu Daud' after
a scanning of around five lakh Ahadith. After the compilation
of 'Sunan Abu Daud' he presented it to Imam Ahmed Ibn Hambal,
who appreciated his efforts. This book contains Ahadith on
Islamic jurisprudence history, Jihad and other related issues.
He mentioned many such Ahadith, which are not mentioned in
the Shahih (the correct i.e. the compilation of Imam Bukhari
and Muslim). Because he obeyed those narrators too, about
whom he found no objectionable thing. He has mentioned in
detail the quality of Ahadith in the book according to their
Imam Tirmidhi's full name was Abu Esa Muhammad al Tirmidhi.
He was born in Tirmiz, an old city of Russian Turkistan. According
to same sources it is concluded that either he was born blind
or lost his eyesight in the old age. To collect Ahadith, he
traveled to Iraq, Syria and Khurasan etc. He was having a
number of good teacher like Imam Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam
Abu Daud and Ali Bin Hajr etc. He was having an astonishing
power of remembrance. He was also a great Mujtahid, and numbers
of students have received Islamic education from him. Although
Imam Bukhari was his teacher but he also had two Ahadith from
His great compilation of Hadith is called as Jamaie
Tirmidhi which is a very Comprehensive book. Apart from
Ahadith, this book deals with several other things related
to the science of Hadith
'Shemael-e-Tirmidhi' is his another great book and unique
of its kind. This book contains only those Ahadith, which
are related to the personality of Muhammad, the Messenger
of Allah. His personality, dress, habits, style of walking
and talking etc. Besides this he wrote many other books like,
Kitab al-Alaal al Saghir. Kitab al- Zahad and Kitab-al-Tarikh
etc. He died at Tirmidh.
IMAM NISAI (214-303
AH) : His full name was Abu Abdul Rehman Nisai and his father's
name was Shoaib. He was born at Nisa, a place near Khurasan.
After receiving his early education he devoted himself for
the compilation of Ahadith. In search of Ahadith and related
knowledge he traveled Tajikistan, Hejaz, Iraq, and Syria.
etc. His great, compilation of Ahadith is called as Sunan
of Six Correct Ones
In the later years the Sihah al Sittah has become so popular
among the Islamic research and scholars that it necessitated
the scholars to write its exponents. Hence a number of scholar
took up this task and wrote comprehensive exponents. In the
following pages a list of most prominent exponents is being
Exponents of Sahih Bukhari
Around 200 exponents
of the Book
Hafiz Abul Fazal Ahmad bin Hajar Asqalani (D 852 AH)
Allama Badruddin Abu Muhammad
Muhamood bin Ahmad Aaini (D 855 AH)
of "Sahih Muslim"
Around 50 exponents,
Imam Muhiuddin Newawi (D 676 AH)
Minhaj Fi Sharah Muslim bin Al Hajjaj
Imam Abu Al Abaas Ahmad bin Umar b
Qartabi (D 656 AH)
Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Khaleafa Al Abbi
Maliki (D 827 AH)
of "Sunan Ibn Maja".
Ibrahim bin Muhammad Halbi (D 841 AH)
2. Jalaluddin Sayufi
(D 921 AH)
3. Shaikh Abul Hassan
Muhammad bin Abdul Had! Sindhi (D 1138 AH).
Exponents of 'Sunan
Imam Abu Sulaiman Hamd bin Ibrahim
Al Khatabi (D 388
Allama Abdurrahman Sharful Maq
Maabad Fi Sharah
Sunan Abi Daud. Al-Munhal
Shaikh Ali bin Suleiman Al - Damanti
(D 1352 AH)
Sharah Sunan Abi Daud
of "Jamey Tirmidhi"
Al-Imam al-Hafiz Abu Baker
Abdullah Al-Shibi (D 546 AH) (Ibnul Arahi)
Allama Jalaluddin Sayuti
Mughtazi Alajamey Al-Tirmidhi.
Shaikh Abul Muhammad bin Abdul Hadi Sindhi Madani
(D 138 AH)
1. Hafiz Jalauddin Siyati
2. Abul Mahmmad bin Abdul Hadi Hanafi
(Sindhi) (D. 1312 A.H.)