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Introducing Islam
by Suhel Farooq Khan

Islamic Calendar

The Islamic calendar is called Hijrah (Migration) calendar.

It begins from the day when Muhammad (Peace be upon him) made a Hijrah from Makkah to Madinah.

The Islamic calendar was implemented many years later, retroactively, from July 16, 622 CE, by 'Umar bin Khattab (May God be pleased with him).

Years of the Islamic calendar are approximately ten days shorter than the Gregorian calendar of 365 days, we normally use. Each month of the Islamic calendar could be either 29 or 30 days long, depending upon the moon cycle. First day of the month starts after the sighting and visibility of the moon.

The beginning of the month of fasting Ramadan (Ninth month of the Islamic calendar), Id al-Fitr (Festival of Fasting) at the end of Ramadan and Hajj (Pilgrimage to Ka’bah) are always announced only after sighting the moon.

Compulsory Charity (Zakah) is also paid according to the Islamic calendar.

The twelve months of the Islamic Calendar are:

1.    Muharram
2.    Safar
3.    Rabi’ ul Awwal
4.    Rabi’ uth-thani
5.    Jumadal ula
6.    Jumadal Ukhra
7.    Rajab
8.    Sha'ban
9.    Ramadan
10.  Shawwal
11.  Dhul Qa'dah
12.  Dhul Hijjah

 

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Introducing Islam
Book

What is Islam?

Who are Muslims?

Who is the God of Muslims?

What is the Qur-an?
Who was Muhammad (Peace be upon him)?
Do Muslims Worship Muhammad (Peace be upon him)?
What are the Tradition of Muhammad (Sunnah)?
The Concept of worship in Islam?
The Five Pillars of Islam
1.
Declaration of Faith
(Shahadah)
Articles of Faith
2.
Prayers (Salah)
Call for Prayers
(Adhan)
3.
Compulsory Charity (Zakah)
4.
Pilgrimage to the Ka'bah (Hajj)
5.
Fasting (Sawm)
The Islamic Calendar
Is Islam Rational
Status of Women in Islam
Polygamy in Islam
Does Islam teach violence?
What is Jihad?
Fundamentalism, Terrorism and Islam
Does Islam tolerate other religions?
Does Islam recognize Jesus?
Things forbidden in Islam
A Simple Test
How to revert back to
Islam?
 

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