Five Pillars of Islam
2nd Pillar (b)
Muslims offer prayers five times every day:
- Morning Prayers (Fajr Salah)
- Early Afternoon Prayers (Zuhr Salah)
- Late Afternoon Prayers (‘Asr Salah)
- Sunset Prayers (Maghrib Salah)
- Night Prayers (‘Isha” Salah)
- Friday Prayers (Jumu’ah Salah): Offered on Fridays in place of Zuhr Prayers.
Muslims must try to offer their prayers at their prescribed times at mosques in a group. These prayers can be offered anywhere if one cannot reach a mosque for any genuine reason. There is no clergy in Islam and any practicing Muslim, who has knowledge of Islam, can lead the group prayers.
Muslims join shoulders and toes with each other while offering prayers, irrespective of their social status. It presents a unique picture of brotherhood and solidarity.
There are two prerequisites for offering prayers:
- Purification (Taharah): A clean body, a set of clean clothes and a clean mind with clear understanding of Oneness of God (Tawhid).
- Ablution (Wudu): Washing the hands, rinsing the mouth, cleaning the nose, washing the face, arms and feet in the prescribed manner and order.