Who was Muhammad (Peace be upon him)?
Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was born in the year 570 CE in a respectable Quraysh family of Makkah, a few months after his father ‘Abd Allah died.
His grandfather ‘Abd Al Muttalib raised him.
He lost his mother Aminah when he was barely six years old and his grandfather when he was eight.
He was then raised lovingly by one of his uncles Abu Talib.
God chose Muhammad (Peace be upon him) as His last Messenger when he was about 4o years of age. God has Commanded Muslims to faithfully follow His last Messenger. Obeying God and following His last Messenger, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is obligatory upon all Muslims.
Disobeying the last Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is a great sin with severe punishment from God.
Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was a perfect human being.
He was a loving father, a caring husband, a charismatic leader, most able administrator, a unique social reformer, the most wonderful teacher, a caring neighbor, a sincere human being and an extremely humble person.
All these superlatives and adjectives cannot define the unparalleled qualities of Muhammad (Peace be upon him).
He was also an extremely honest person and was known as Al- Amin (The Trustworthy). People used to keep their valuables with him for safe keeping without any hesitation. While migrating to Madinah, his life was in immense danger from the assassination plot hatched by the Quraysh leaders, he made arrangements to return all valuables to their owners.
Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was ridiculed, tortured and hounded for preaching Islam. Several attempts were made on his life. He was forced to leave his hometown Makkah and migrate to the city of Madinah with his family and companions, where Islam flourished.
Muslims conquered Makkah without shedding blood, only eight years after they were forced out of it. Muhammad (Peace be upon him) pardoned all of his enemies including those who had tortured him and had plotted to kill him.
Soon after, the entire Arabian Peninsula embraced Islam.
Muhammad (Peace be upon him) went back to live in Madinah, where he died in the year 623 CE (11 Hijrah).
In a short span of 23 years, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) changed the world for ever with the Message of Truth.
Muslims recite Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam - a small supplication whenever they take, hear of read the name of the last Messenger of God, Muhammad. It means Peace be upon him.