(Poor due Charity)
is not against prosperity and does not restrict it; yet
social equality is one of its basic principles. Sharing
is a great Islamic virtue. Allah (God) has also commanded
not to be extravagant. Allah (God) wants the prosperous
people to respond in a responsible manner. They have to
spare a thought for the deprived and try to help them as
much as possible.
(Poor due Charity)
is the fourth most important pillar of Islam.
Zakah (Poor due
Charity) means to purify, to increase, and to
grow. But in the terminology of Shari’ah,
it is a kind of financial worship, which purifies the wealth
of a Muslim.
(Poor due Charity) was made
obligatory in 8 Hijrah. But it was promulgated from
Muharram 9 Hijrah.
importance of Zakah (Poor
due Charity) can be gauged from the fact that
wherever the Qur-an has emphasized about the
observance of the prayer, it has side by side stressed the
need to pay the Zakah (Poor
due Charity) as well. In all, the Qur-an
has mentioned the word, Zakah (Poor
due Charity), at 82 places, mostly with the
commandment of prayer.
Holy Qur-an states:
perform prayer and give Zakah, and bow
down along with the people who bow (ar-Rake’in)”
Surah (Chapter) Al-Baqarah (The
Cow) Qur-an 2:43
another place, Qur-an equates spending in
the way of Allah with manifold increase:
likeness of those who spend their wealth in the way
of Allah, is as the likeness of a grain (of
corn); it grows seven ears, and each ear has
a hundred grains. Allah gives manifold increase
to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient
for His creatures’ needs, All Knower.”
(Chapter) Al-Baqarah (The Cow)
another place, Allah promises increase in
the wealth if
Zakah (Poor due Charity)
“And that which you give in gift to others, in order
that it may increase (your wealth by
expecting to get a better one in return) from
other people’s property, has no increase with Allah;
but that which you give in Zakat seeking
Allah’s pleasure, then those they shall have
(Poor due Charity) is obligatory
upon every wealthy Sahibun Nisab
Muslim. Anyone who denies its obligatory status is
Nisab is that person who has extra wealth
than the prescribed amount by Shari’ah.
According to Shari’ah those people
are considered wealthy who possesses the required Nisab,
and a complete year is passed over it.
the time of the Messenger those people were considered wealthy
who possessed dates orchards, camels and silver or gold
coins. These people were supposed to pay Zakah
(Poor due Charity).
Nisab, the Messenger is reported to
“There is no Zakah (Poor
due Charity) in less than five Wasaq dates,
less than five Auqiya of silver or gold and in less than