Holy Qur-an is the last Divine Book sent by God for the guidance of mankind.
revealed the Holy Qur-an to His last Messenger Muhammad (Peace
be upon him) over a period of almost twenty-three years, through
He received the first revelation in the year 609 CE, when
he was meditating in a small cave of mount Hira
near Makkah. These revelations continued
after Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and his companions
were forced to migrate to Madinah.
(Peace be upon him) used to memorize the revealed verses
of the Qur-an and used to recite them to his companions, most of whom used
to memorize them immediately. Some of his companions used to write them down on
available media like barks of trees, stone tablets, parchments, leather etc.
Designated writers also meticulously kept records of the revealed verses of the
Qur-an. The existing arrangement of the verses of the Qur-an was
done by Muhammad (Peace be upon him).
tradition to memorize the Qur-an continues and there are millions of Muslims
around the world who have memorized it in its entirety.
Qur-an carries three main themes: Oneness of God (Wahdah),
and an eternal Life after Death (Akhirah).
Besides this, the Qur-an has a uniquely rich collection of truth, wisdom
and guidance for a perfect way of living and creating a perfect society.