literally means owner of Hajj. The name of
Dhul Hijjah indicates that it is the
month of Hajj, the pilgrimage to Ka’bah.
The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad S called the first ten
days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah : "The best days in
the world are the ten days."
Although Muslims are required to perform good deeds throughout
their lives, the first ten days of the month of Dhul
Hijjah, are the days in which Allah
loves His faithful doing good deeds.
'Abbaas R narrated that the Messenger of Allah S
said: "There ore no days during which good deeds are
more beloved to Allah than these (ten) days."
He was then asked: Not even jihad in the path
of Allah? So he replied: "Not even jihad
in the path of Allah, except for a person who goes
out with his self and his wealth, and comes back with nothing."
has taken an oath by in the Holy Qur-an, by His saying:
"By the Dawn and by the Ten Nights." [Surah (Chapter)
al-Fajr (The Break of Day or the Dawn) Qur-an 89:1-2].
is recommended to make Takbir (saying Allahu
Akbar), Tahlil (saying La Ilaha
Illallah) and Tamhid (saying Alhamdulillah)
during these days ..."2
Ibn al-Qayyim (d.751H) also quoted about the virtues of
these ten days citing another Hadith
(Saying of Muhammad S): "There are no days
that are greater with Allah, and in which good deeds
are more beloved to Him, than these ten days. So increase
in making tasbih (saying Subhanallah),
Tamhid (saying Alhamdulillah),
Tahlil (saying La Ilaha
Illallah) and Takbir (saying Allahu
Akbar), during them."3
THE DAY OF 'ARAFAH
The ninth day of Dhul Hijjah is called
the day of 'Arafah. On this day the pilgrims of Hajj
gather at the mountain plain of 'Arafah. From Zawal
(Little past high-noon) to Maghrib
(Sunset), they stand for Wuquf ‘Arafah
facing the Qiblah (Direction of the Ka’bah),
and make Du’a (Supplication) to Allah.
is Mustahab (Highly Desirable) for the non-pilgrims
to fast on this day of ‘Arafah (9 Dhul Hijjah).
Messenger of Allah S was asked about fasting on the
day of 'Arafah, so he said: "It expiates the sins
of the past year and the coming year."
Messenger of Allah S also said: "There is no day
on which Allah frees people from the Fire more so
than on the day of 'Arafah. He comes close to those (people
standing on 'Arafah), and then He revels before His Angels
saying: What are these people seeking."
at-Tirmidhee (d.275H) said: "The People of Knowledge recommend
to fast on the day of 'Arafah, except for those at
ON THE DAY OF AN-NAHR AND 'ID UL AD-HA
OR THE FOLLOWING THREE DAYS
The tenth day of Dhul Hijjah is known
as the Yaum un Nahr (The Day of
Slaughtering). Pilgrims of Hajj (Pilgrimage
to the Ka’bah), offer a sacrifice after completing the
major rituals of Hajj (Pilgrimage to the
Ka’bah). It is done to commemorate the sacrifice of
Ibrahim A and his elder son Isma'il
un Nahr (The Day of Slaughtering)
is the best day among the ten best days of the year.
Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) said: "The most excellent day of
the week is the day of Jumu'ah (Friday), by
the agreement of the Scholars. And the most excellent day
of the year is the day of Nahr. And some of
them said that it is the day of 'Arafah. However,
the first opinion is the correct one, since it is related
in the Sunan collections that the Messenger of Allah
S said: "The most excellent days with Allah is
the day of an-Nahr, then the day of al-Qarr (the
day that the Muslims reside in Mina)."
Messenger of Allah S said:: "The greatest day
of the Hajj (Pilgrimage) is the Day
of Nahr (Slaughtering)."
day of an-Nahr is also known as 'Id
ul-Ad-ha (The Festival of Sacrifice)
and is one of the two major of Muslims.
R narrated: When the Messenger of Allah S, came to
Madinah he found that the people of Madinah
had been celebrating two days every year since the times
of jahiliyyah (Pre-lslamic Ignorance).
The Messenger of Allah S said: "I came to you,
and you had two days of play and amusement in the times
of jahiliyyah. But Allah has replaced them
with something better for you: The day of al-Adha
(Sacrificing) and the day of al-Fitr (Breaking the
Prophet S also said:
day of al- Fitr, and the day of an-Nahr, and
the days of at-Tashriq (Three days after an-Nahr)
are our days of 'Id (festivity); and they are days
of eating and drinking."
ul Ad-ha, is a day in which Muslims slaughter
a camels, cows, buffaloes, sheep or goat, in commemoration
of the sacrifice of Ibrahim A and his elder
son Isma’il A. This sacrifice is compulsory
for all those who can afford it.
Messenger of Allah S said: "One who has the ability
to sacrifice, but chooses not to do so, should not approach
our place of ('Id) Prayer."
Messenger of Allah S also said: "Whosoever sacrificed
before the Prayer, then let him do so again. But whosoever
has not sacrificed, then let him sacrifice."
head of the household is usually responsible for offering
sacrifice. They should not cut their hair or nails, starting
from the first day of Dhul Hijjah up
until after the sacrifice.
Messenger of Allah S said: "When the ten days
start, and one of you intends to sacrifice, then let him
not cut his hair or his nails."
ALLAH WITH TAKABIR
From the day of 'Arafah (the 9th day of of Dhul
Hijjah), up until the 'Asr Salah
(Late Afternoon Prayers) on the thirteenth day of
Dhul Hijjah, one should excessively
say Takabir (Saying Allahu Akbar).
al-Khattabi (d.456H) said: "The wisdom
behind saying the Takabir in these days is
that in the times of jahiliyyah (pre-lslaamic
ignorance), they used to slaughter for their Taghuts
(false objects of worship). So the takbeers
were prescribed to remind that the act of slaughtering is
directed to Allah alone."
Ibn Taymiyyah said: "All praise be to Allah. The
most correct saying concerning the Takbir
- that which the majority of the Salaf (Pious
Predecessors), and the Scholars from the Companions
and Imams were upon - is to begin making the Takabir
from Fajr (Dawn) on the day of 'Arafah,
up until the last day of at-Tashriq (the thirteenth
of Dhul Hijjah), after every Prayer."
Abi Shaybah relates: "That 'Ali R used to make the
Takabir beginning after the Fajr Prayer
on the day of 'Arafah, up until after the 'Asr
Prayer on the last day of at-Tashriq."
are no specific words for the Takabir available
from the Sunnah (Tradition) of the Messenger
of Allah S. However, certain wordings have been authentically
related from a number of Sahabah (Companions
of Muhammad S).
Mas'ud R said:
" Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu
Akbar, La Ilaha Illallah, Wallahu Akbar,
Allahu Akbar Wa Lillahil-Hamd.
[Allah is great, Allah is great. None has
the right to be worshipped except Him. And Allah
is great, Allah is great. And to Him belongs all
'Abbas R said:
" Allah is Great, Allah is Great, Allah
is Great, and to Allah belongs all praise. Allah
is Greater and Sublime. Allah is Greater to what
He has guided us to. [Allahu Akbar, Allahu
Akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa lillahil-Hamd.
Allahu Akbar wa Ajalla. Allahu Akbar 'Ala
many Muslims have neglected the Takabir established
from our Salaf (Pious Predecessors) and have
instead resorted to additions which have no basis at all.
Ibn Hajr (d.856H) said: "Indeed additions have been
invented on this day, which have no basis at all."
may Allah have mercy upon the one who said:
good is in following the Salaf; and every evil is in the
innovations of the late-comers."
all praise is for Allah, Lord of the worlds. And
may Allah extol and send the choicest blessings of
peace upon our Leader, the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad
S, and upon his Family, his Companions, and all those who
Sahih: Related by al-Bazzar (1/234).
It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albani
in Sahihul-Jami (no.1133).
2. Zadul-Ma'ad (1/56).
3. Sahih: Related by at-Tabarani
in al-Kabir (3/110/1) It was authenticated
by al-Mundhari in at-Targhib wat-Tarhib
4. Related by Muslim (no. 1 162), from Abu Qatadh
5. Related by Muslim (no.1348), from 'A"ishah
7. Sahih: Related by Abu Dawud
(no.1765), from 'Abdullah ibn Qart R. It was
authenticated by al-Albani in Irwaa'
8. Majmu' Fatawa (25/288).
9. Sahih: Related by Abu Dawud
(no 1945), from Ibn 'Umar R. It was authenticated
by al- Albani in al-lrwa' (no.1101).
10. Sahih: Related by Ahmad (3/103).it
was authenticated by al-Hafidh Ibn Hajr
in Bulughul-Maram (no.398).
11. Sahih: Related by Ahmad (no.1945),
from 'Uqbah ibn 'Amir R. It was authenticated
by al-Albani in Sahihul-Jami'
12. As explained by Ibn Taymiyyah in Majmu' Fatawa
(23/ 162- 164).
13. Hasan: Related by Ibn Majah (no.3123),
from Abu Hurayrah R. It was authenticated by Shaykh
al-Albani in Takhij Mushkilatul-Fiqr
14. Related by al-Bukhari (no.5562) and Muslim
(no.1960), from Jundub ibn 'Abdullaah al-Bajali R.
15. Related by Muslim (no.1977), from Umm Salamah R.
16. Quoted from Fathul-Bari (21586).
17. in Majmu' Fatawa (24/220).
However, what seems more correct is not to restrict the
Takabir to being just after every Prayer.
as al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr pointed out in Fathul-Baaree
18. Related by Ibn Abi Shaybah in al-Musannaf
(2/1/2). It was authenticated by al-Albani
in al-lrwa' (31125).
19. Related by Ibn Abi Shaybah with an authentic
chain of narration
20. Related by al-Bayhaqeei (3/315) with an authentic
chain of narration.
21. Fathul-Bari (2/536).