English alphabet has two different shapes, depending on its place in the word
or the sentence.
For example, the alphabet A is used twice in the word Allah.
Both of them look. different from each other.
The two different shapes of
English alphabet are known as UPPER CASE and
the LOWER CASE.
alphabet have three different shapes, when connected to other alphabet in a word.
The same Arabic alphabet may look different in the beginning, middle and end of
a word as we look different in the beginning, middle and last phases of our
lives, although we remain the same person.
These three different shapes of
Arabic alphabet are called he INITIAL
(Beginning), MEDIAL (Middle) and FINAL
Sometimes, in a word, an alphabet is not connected to other
In such cases the alphabet is shown in its ISOLATED