The People Who lagged Behind
Due to its particular circumstances, this invasion was a peculiar severe trial provided by All‚h only to try the believersíFaith and sort them out of others. This is All‚hís permanent Will in such circumstances. In this respect He says:
Lagging and hanging back from full participation in that invasion amounted to the degree of hypocrisy. Whenever the Messenger of All‚h [pbuh] was informed of a manís lingering, he would say: "Leave him alone! If All‚h knows him to be good He will enable him to follow you; but if he were not so, All‚h would relieve us of him."
Nobody stayed behind except those who were either hindered by a serious excuse or the hypocrites who told lies to All‚h and His Messenger.
Some of those hypocritesí lingering was due to an excuse based on forgery and delusion. Some others tarried but didnít ask for an instant permission. But there were three believers who unjustifiably lingered. They were the ones whom All‚h tried their Faith, but later on He turned to them in mercy and accepted their repentance.
As soon as the Messenger of All‚h [pbuh] had entered Madinah, he prayed two RakĎa then he sat to receive his people. The hypocrites who were over eighty men [Fath Al-Bari 8/119] came and offered various kinds of excuses and started swearing. The Prophet acknowledged their excuses and invoked All‚hís forgiveness for them but he entrusted their inner thoughts and Faith to All‚h.
As for the three faithful believers ó KaĎb bin Malik, Murara bin Ar-RabiĎ, and Hilal bin Omaiyah ó who favoured telling the truth, the Messenger of All‚h [pbuh] bade his Companions not to talk to them.
Consequently they were subject to a severe boycott and were excluded from the life of the community. Everybody turned them their back. So they felt as if the whole land had become constrained to them in spite of its spaciousness and they felt awkward and uneasy. The hard times they lived and which lasted for over forty days were towered by an order to them to forsake their wives. After fifty daysí boycott All‚h turned to them and revealed that in Qurí‚n:
All‚hís turning to them was a great joy for both Muslims and the three concerned. The joy of the stayers behind was unaccountable in aim and degree. It was the happiest day in their lives. The good tiding cherished them and filled their hearts with delight. As for those who lingered due to disability or sickness or any other serious excuse, All‚h, the Exalted said about them:
When he approached Madinah, the Messenger of All‚h [pbuh] said: