Islamic calendar is called the Hijrah
It begins from the day
when Muhammad (Peace
be upon him) made a Hijrah from Makkah to Madinah.
The Islamic calendar was implemented from July 16, 622 CE. Islamic calendar
follows the lunar cycles. The years of the Islamic calendar are approximately
ten days shorter than the Gregorian calendar of 365 days, we normally use.
Islamic calendar also has 12 months like the Gregorian calendar. Each month of
the Islamic calendar could be either 29 or 30 days long, depending upon the moon
cycle. Seven months of the Islamic calendar are of 30 days and the remaining five
are of 29 days. The first day of the month starts after the sighting and visibility
of the moon.
The beginning of the month of fasting Ramadan
month of the Islamic calendar), ’Id
al-Fitr (Festival of Fasting) at the end of Ramadan
and Hajj (Annual
Pilgrimage to Ka’bah) are always announced only after sighting the
moon. Poor Due Charity (Zakah) is also paid
according to the Islamic calendar.
The twelve months of the Islamic
Rabi’ ul Awwal
11. Dhul Qa'dah
12. Dhul Hijjah